Programs and credentials offered by degree-granting institutions
The University of Manitoba offers a broad range of undergraduate (bachelor), graduate (master and doctoral), and professional degree programs in more than 90 disciplines. These include: agriculture, architecture, environmental studies, the arts and sciences, commerce, education, engineering, fine arts, human ecology, medicine, pharmacy, nursing, and social work.
In addition to its public programming, the University of Winnipeg and St. John's College at the University of Manitoba also offer courses in theology and divinity through a theological consortium that includes several institutions across Manitoba.
The University of Winnipeg, Brandon University and Université de Saint-Boniface (USB) maintain a strong focus on undergraduate education, while offering limited numbers of master level programs in specialized areas. University College of the North offers a variety of certificate, diploma and undergraduate degree programs, but not graduate programming.
In addition to degree programs, Manitoba universities offer a variety of other credentials, including at the certificate and diploma levels.
In addition to on-campus programming, Manitoba post-secondary education institutions offer a variety of programming online. All institutions post their online program offerings on a common Web site called eCampusManitoba.com. This Web site allows students to browse all the online programming being offered by Manitoba's public post-secondary institutions to find programming that fits their educational goals. In addition to these distance offerings, the four public degree-granting universities (University of Brandon, University of Winnipeg, University of Manitoba and the University College of the North) cooperate through Inter-Universities Services, a distance education program that brings university courses to Manitoba communities north of the 53rd parallel.
Programs and credentials offered by colleges and institutes
Assiniboine Community College, Red River College and the University College of the North offer a broad range of certificate and diploma programs, as well as apprenticeship, adult basic education, and a variety of professional and technical courses. Red River College also offers two baccalaureate degrees with an applied focus in construction management and in nursing. École technique et professionnelle also offers certificate and diploma programming similar to the other colleges, but in the French language. Additionally, some integrated programs are provided jointly between colleges and universities.
The Manitoba Institute of Trades and Technology (MITT) offers a unique hybrid learning environment by providing technical career education opportunities to both high school students as well as postsecondary learners. MITT is authorized (under provisions of The Public Schools Act of Manitoba) to offer courses towards fulfillment of provincial high school graduation requirements, as well as a variety of adult postsecondary programs leading to the granting of certificates and diplomas.
Programs and credentials offered by the International College of Manitoba (ICM)
Established in September 2008, ICM is a private institution that serves as a pathway for first year undergraduate international students who seek admission to degree programs at the University of Manitoba (UM). ICM students receive a completion certificate and transfer credits for all UM equivalent university courses. Normally, students intend to seek full admission at the UM after completing their required first year courses. For entry to UM upon completion of ICM courses, every ICM graduate must meet regular admission requirements established by the UM.
Programs and credentials offered by Private Vocational Institutions
Private Vocational Institutions are establishments that offer employment training in a wide range of occupational fields, including business and administration, technology, cosmetology, health care, transportation and many others. Unlike public institutions, Private Vocational Institutions are not eligible for direct financial support from government as they are typically privately owned and operate as for-profit businesses.
Credentials offered by Private Vocational Institutions operating under The Private Vocational Institute Act in Manitoba are limited to one and two year certificates and diplomas in vocational programming. Each of the occupations included in the National Occupational Classification (NOC) Index of Titles is designated as a vocation for the purpose of The Private Vocational Institutions Act, except those exempted by regulation.
The Province of Manitoba regulates Private Vocational Institutions under the authority of The Private Vocational Institutions Act. The Act is designed to provide a degree of consumer protection for students attending registered Private Vocational Institutions by maintaining an insurance fund for registered students and by ensuring programs provide the skills and knowledge that are required to gain entry-level employment in the field of instruction.
Apprenticeship is one of the longest-established methods of skill development and training. In Manitoba's apprenticeship training and certification model, an employer and an employee enter into a formal training agreement in which they agree to participate in a structured, accredited, workplace-based and technical skills training program that ultimately leads to journeyperson certification for the apprentice employee.
Through apprenticeship training, employees acquire relevant skills and knowledge while earning a wage, and employers gain highly skilled employees.
It is an industry-driven training system. The Apprenticeship and Certification Act establishes an Apprenticeship and Certification Board (the Board). The 14-member Board is appointed by the Minister of Jobs and the Economy to represent the interests of employees, employers and the public. The Board designates trades for apprenticeship training and trades certification. For each designated trade, the Board establishes the training and journeyperson certification standards, and-with the approval of the Minister-establishes the regulatory framework through which training and certification programs are delivered.
The Board appoints industry representatives to Provincial Advisory Committees (PACs) to provide trade-specific advice on training and certification standards, and regulation content for each trade.
Apprenticeship Manitoba (“the Branch”) coordinates and facilitates the Board's regulation and program standard setting and provides other technical, administrative and financial support to the Board and the PACs.
Operationally, the Branch administers and monitors apprentice training delivered under apprenticeship agreements and administers certification examinations. Branch staff also oversees the network of training support programs, accreditation of technical training programs, community-based training partnerships with rural, northern and Aboriginal communities, essential skills assessment and upgrading, prior learning assessment and recognition programs, certification examination preparation workshops, and the communication and marketing of career opportunities in the skilled trades.
To become an apprentice, a person must meet basic eligibility standards (normally, high school standing or equivalent) and have a sponsoring employer. Persons who do not meet minimum academic standards may be able to access upgrading or prior learning assessment options in order to enter into an apprenticeship.
An employer and an employee sign an apprenticeship agreement. This agreement outlines each party's roles and responsibilities. This agreement takes effect when registered with Apprenticeship Manitoba. With an agreement in place, the apprentice learns the skills in his or her chosen trade by working under a certified journeyperson. The apprentice is paid a wage, which is set out in regulation, for the work performed.
About 80 per cent of the apprentice's training occurs on the job. The other 20 per cent is technical training, taken once per year in a block of time away from the workplace. Apprenticeship Manitoba arranges for the delivery of the technical (in-school) aspect of apprentices' training. Once the apprentice has completed all required levels of technical training and practical on-the-job training he or she is eligible to write a certification examination. If successful, the apprentice receives a Certificate of Qualification and becomes a certified journeyperson in the trade. In most trades, a Red Seal may be affixed to the certificate, which is acquired through the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal program. The Red Seal program is a pan-Canadian Interprovincial standard, which is recognized across Canadian jurisdictions. The holder of a Certificate of Qualification that bears a Red Seal endorsement may work in that trade anywhere in the country.
Manitoba is a member of the pan-Canadian Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program. For trades designated under the Red Seal Program, the Manitoba Certificate of Qualification bears the Red Seal endorsement. The endorsement is recognized by all Canadian jurisdictions. The holder of a Certificate of Qualification that bears a Red Seal endorsement may work in that trade anywhere in the country.
It may not be necessary to apprentice in a trade if a person can show that he or she has significant previous experience working in that trade. In this situation, if a person can demonstrate sufficient scope and experience in the trade, it may challenge the examination and, if successful, acquire a Certificate of Qualifications in the trade (including a Red Seal, if applicable). This examination-only process is called Trades Qualification.
There are nine compulsory certification trades in Manitoba. All persons who wish to work in a compulsory certification trade must apprentice to become eligible to write the certification examination. The compulsory certification trades are: Construction Electrician, Crane and Hoisting Equipment Operator, Electrologist, Esthetician, Hairstylist, Industrial Electrician, Refrigeration and Air conditioning Mechanic, Sprinkler System Installer, and Steamfitter/Pipefitter.