Programs and credentials offered by degree-granting institutions
The University of Manitoba offers a broad range of undergraduate (bachelor), graduate (master and doctoral), and professional degree programs in more than 90 disciplines. These include: agriculture, architecture, environmental studies, the arts and sciences, commerce, education, engineering, fine arts, human ecology, medicine, pharmacy, nursing, and social work.
The University of Winnipeg, Brandon University, and Université de Saint-Boniface (USB) maintain a strong focus on undergraduate education, while offering limited numbers of master level programs in specialized areas.
University College of the North offers a variety of certificate, diploma, and undergraduate degree programs. In terms of university-level offerings, UCN currently offers a Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Education, Bachelor of Midwifery, and Joint Bachelor of Nursing (with the University of Manitoba) programs.
In addition to degree programs, the universities of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Brandon, and the Université de Saint-Boniface (USB)offer a variety of credit and non-credit (continuing education) diploma and certificate programs The time required to complete certificate and diploma programs varies from program to program. University calendars are the best sources of information about specific program requirements.
Booth University College offers a suite of undergraduate degree programs. All BUC programs are considered religious denominational programs, even though they include such study areas as arts, business administration, and social work. The Prairie Theatre Exchange offers courses in drama and theatre arts which are received for credit at a university level. In addition to its public programming, the University of Winnipeg and St. John's College at the University of Manitoba also offers courses in theology and divinity through a theological consortium that includes several institutions across Manitoba.
With respect to distance education, all public postsecondary institutions offer options for students living outside of campus communities. In addition to these distance offerings, the four public degree-granting universities (University of Brandon, University of Winnipeg, University of Manitoba and the University College of the North) cooperate through Inter-Universities Services, a distance education program that brings university courses to Manitoba communities north of the 53rd parallel. As well, college and undergraduate university study by distance education is provided through Campus Manitoba, a consortium comprised of all public postsecondary institutions in Manitoba.
Programs and credentials offered by colleges and institutes
Manitoba's two English-language colleges — Assiniboine Community College and Red River College — offer a broad range of certificate and diploma programs, as well as apprenticeship, adult basic education, and a variety of professional and technical courses. These programs are also offered through University College of the North. Certificate and diploma programs are offered in a variety of subjects including communications, engineering, business administration, dental assisting, computer programming, practical nursing, electronics and other technologies, natural resources management, motor vehicle mechanics, tourism, agribusiness, and early childhood education, to name but a few.
Red River College, the largest of the above institutions, offers the widest selection of advanced diploma, diploma, and certificate programs. Under degree-granting authorities approved for college institutions in 2009, Red River College now offers two baccalaureate degrees with applied focus in construction management and in nursing (leading to eligibility for practice as a Registered Nurse). Assiniboine Community College is also authorized to grant degrees but has not introduced any degree programs at current time.
The Manitoba Institute of Trades and Technology (MITT) offers a unique hybrid learning environment by providing technical career education opportunities to both high school students as well as postsecondary learners. MITT is authorized (under provisions of The Public Schools Act of Manitoba) to offer courses towards fulfillment of provincial high school graduation requirements, as well as a variety of adult postsecondary programs leading to the granting of certificates and diplomas.
In terms of postsecondary programs, certificates and diplomas are offered in such areas as: business administration assistant; culinary arts and design; carpentry; hairstyling; hotel and hospitality services; international business; medical administrative assistant; pharmacy technician; production art; rehabilitation aide; and technical drafting.
École technique et professionnelle offers certificate, diploma and advanced diploma programs in the French language, primarily in the areas of business administration, computer programming/web development, administrative/office support, and early childhood education.
Some integrated programs are provided jointly between colleges and universities. For example, the University of Winnipeg and Red River College offer a four-year program leading to a college diploma and a bachelor of arts (in communications) or bachelor of science (in biology, chemistry, or environmental sciences) from the university. The college has similar arrangements with both the University of Manitoba and University of Winnipeg for teacher education programs that offer specialization in business education and industrial arts. . Under a Memorandum of Understanding concluded between Assiniboine Community College and Brandon University in 2008, a variety of joint programs, credit transfer options and laddering/bridging opportunities have been made available between both institutions. MITT has also developed a series of joint programs with University of Winnipeg and University College of the North.
Programs and credentials offered by the International College of Manitoba (ICM)
Established in September 2008, ICM is a private institution that serves as a pathway for first year undergraduate international students who seek admission to degree programs at the University of Manitoba (UM). ICM recruits international students to choose UM as a study destination and provides University transfer programs, a combination of first and second year undergraduate courses, exclusively to these international students. Normally, students intend to seek full admission at the UM after completing their required first year courses.
There are no substantive differences between ICM courses and UM courses: the prescribed curriculum and course requirements are the same. ICM students do, however, receive ICM supports (including tutoring, cultural awareness and participation in an organized peer community) as an integrated part of their Year 1 program. For entry to UM upon completion of ICM courses, every ICM graduate must meet regular admission requirements established by the UM.
ICM students receive a completion certificate and transfer credits for all UM equivalent university courses.
Programs and credentials offered by Private Vocational Institutions
Credentials offered by Private Vocational Institutions (that currently operate under the Private Vocational Institute Act in Manitoba) are limited to one and two year certificates and diplomas in entry level vocational programming.
Apprenticeship is one of the longest-established methods of skill development and training. In Manitoba's apprenticeship training and certification model, an employer and an employee enter into a formal training agreement in which they agree to participate in a structured, accredited, workplace-based and technical skills training program that ultimately leads to journeyperson certification for the apprentice employee.
Through apprenticeship training, employees acquire relevant skills and knowledge while earning a wage, and employers gain highly skilled employees.
It is an industry-driven training system. The Apprenticeship and Certification Act establishes an Apprenticeship and Certification Board (the Board). The 13-member Board is appointed by the Minister of Jobs and the Economy to represent the interests of employees, employers and the public. The Board designates trades for apprenticeship training and trades certification. For each designated trade, the Board establishes the training and journeyperson certification standards, and-with the approval of the Minister-establishes the regulatory framework through which training and certification programs are delivered.
The Board appoints industry representatives to Provincial Advisory Committees (PACs) to provide trade-specific advice on training and certification standards, and regulation content.
Apprenticeship Manitoba (“the Branch”) coordinates and facilitates the Board's regulation and program standard setting and provides other technical, administrative and financial support to the Board and the PACs.
Operationally, the Branch administers and monitors apprentice training delivered under apprenticeship agreements and administers certification examinations. Branch staff also oversees the network of training support programs, accreditation of technical training programs, community-based training partnerships with rural, northern and Aboriginal communities, essential skills assessment and upgrading, prior learning assessment and recognition programs, certification examination preparation workshops, and the communication and marketing of career opportunities in the skilled trades.
To become an apprentice, a person must meet basic eligibility standards (normally, high school standing or equivalent) and have a sponsoring employer. Persons who do not meet minimum academic standards may be able to access upgrading or prior learning assessment options in order to enter into an apprenticeship.
An employer and an employee sign an apprenticeship agreement. This agreement outlines each party's roles and responsibilities in this training arrangement. This agreement is in effect when registered with Apprenticeship Manitoba. With an agreement in place, the apprentice learns the skills in his or her chosen trade by working under a certified journeyperson. The apprentice is paid a wage, which is set out in regulation, for the work performed.
About 80 per cent of the apprentice's training occurs on the job. The other 20 per cent is technical training, taken either once per year in a block of time away from the workplace or through other arrangements. Apprenticeship Manitoba arranges for the delivery of the technical (in-school) aspect of apprentices' training. Once the apprentice has completed all required levels of technical training and practical on-the-job training he or she is eligible to write a certification examination. If successful, the apprentice receives a Certificate of Qualification and becomes a certified journeyperson in the trade, with all the rights and privileges that accompany this status. In most trades, a Red Seal may be affixed to the certificate. This is acquired through the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal program and is affixed to provincial certificates of qualification of those who are successful on an interprovincial examination.
Manitoba is a member of the pan-Canadian Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program. For trades designated under the Red Seal Program, the Manitoba Certificate of Qualification bears the Red Seal endorsement. The endorsement is recognized by all Canadian jurisdictions. The holder of a Certificate of Qualification that bears a Red Seal endorsement may work in that trade anywhere in the country.
It may not be necessary to apprentice in a trade if a person can show that he or she has significant previous experience working in that trade. In this situation, a person may challenge the examination and, if successful, acquire a Certificate of Qualifications in the trade (including a Red Seal, if applicable). This examination-only process is called Trades Qualification.
There are nine compulsory certification trades in Manitoba. All persons who wish to work in a compulsory certification trade must apprentice to become eligible to write the certification examination. The compulsory certification trades are: construction electrician, crane and hoisting equipment operator, electrologist, esthetician, hairstylist, industrial electrician, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanic, sprinkler system installer, and steamfitter/pipefitter.