Examine the physical and electronic features of the document

Appraise the basic elements of electronic and/or printed documents submitted by either the applicant, the educational institution, or the competent authority.

For internal procedures:
  • Appraise the support material, such as:
    • type of paper;
    • texture and finish of the paper;
    • electronic image quality;
    • e-mail sender information, in the electronic “envelope” details.
  • Appraise the printing methods and printed elements of the support material, such as:
    • laser, inkjet, lithography, or engraving;
    • font and typography;
    • ink and colour spectrum (four-colour printing);
    • security features, such as:
      • official stamp or seal;
      • micro-printing;
      • watermark;
      • ultraviolet light;
    • official signature(s);
    • official logo of the institution.
  • Check for any noticeable inconsistencies, such as:
    • a lack of safety features;
    • awkward or forced lettering;
    • variations in the colour of the ink;
    • alterations to the printed elements;
    • matching electronic image envelope in other similar Google image search;
    • third-party e-mail used in the electronic “envelope” details.

Comply with the Pan-Canadian Quality Assurance Framework for the Assessment of International Academic Credentials (QAF)

This step complies with guiding principles 24, 25, 26, and 27 of the QAF.

Consult the QAF to get more information.

Consult additional resources

You may find useful information in other resources, such as:
  1. EAR Consortium (EP-Nuffic, UK NARIC, ENIC-NARIC France, and ENIC-NARIC Poland). (2012). European Area of Recognition (EAR) Manual, chapter 4;
  2. EAR-HEI Consortium (EP-Nuffic, ENIC-NARIC France, ENIC-NARIC Latvia, ENIC-NARIC Ireland, European University Association (EUA), ENIC-NARIC Lithuania, ENIC-NARIC Denmark, ENIC-NARIC Poland and Tuning Educational Structures in Europe). (2016). European Recognition Manual for Higher Education Institutions (EAR-HEI), part II, item 5;
  3. World Education Services – Canada. (2012). Best Practices: Strategies and Processes to Obtain Authentic International Educational Credentials, chapters 2, 3, 4, and 5.