Programs and credentials offered by degree-granting institutions
The University of New Brunswick is the largest degree-granting institution in the province and offers a broad range of undergraduate programs, as well as graduate degrees in areas such as arts, science, engineering, forestry, business, and computer science. It also provides pre-medicine and pre-dentistry programs. Dalhousie University, in Nova Scotia, is the only university in Maritime Canada to offer degrees in these fields, and has partnered with the University of New Brunswick to deliver a delocalized undergraduate medical education program in Saint John.
The Université de Moncton, like the University of New Brunswick, offers a wide variety of undergraduate and graduate programs. In addition, Université de Moncton offers various one-year certificate programs and two-year diploma programs in fields such as management, marketing, public administration, and language studies. It also collaborates with the Université de Sherbrooke (Province of Quebec) which delivers a delocalized undergraduate medical education program in Moncton.
Mount Allison University and St. Thomas University specialize in undergraduate education. These institutions also offer one- and two-year certificate programs in various specialized fields.
Undergraduate programs generally require four years of full-time study, but there are some important exceptions. At both the Université de Moncton and the University of New Brunswick for example, engineering requires five years of full-time study for an undergraduate degree. A bachelor of laws degree requires three years of study beyond a first baccalaureate degree. A bachelor's degree in education requires five years of full time study, which includes a degree in a fundamental field coupled with further studies in education.
An undergraduate honours degree, available at most universities in most disciplines, generally requires a higher level of concentration in the honours subject and a higher level of academic standing. It, too, requires four years of full-time study and is often required for entrance to graduate studies.
All four New Brunswick universities are engaged in distance education programs, using telecommunications technology and on-site instruction to reach communities throughout the province.
Three private universities with religious affiliation are granted the right to offer degrees through acts of the New Brunswick Legislature: Crandall University, Saint Stephen University, and Kingswood University.
In 2001, the Degree Granting Act was proclaimed, which outlines the procedures to be followed by private institutions to issue degree credentials. There are currently two institutions designated to offer specific degrees through that legislation. They include Yorkville University, and the University of Fredericton.
Programs and credentials offered by non-degree granting institutions
NBCC and CCNB offer two-year diploma programs and one-year certificate programs in a wide range of career-oriented fields such as agribusiness, allied health technologies, business technology, civil engineering technology, communication arts, electronics engineering technology, hospitality and tourism, marine engineering, practical nursing, skilled trades and youth care. In addition, they provide programs in academic upgrading and a wide range of short-term, specialized courses often aimed at meeting the needs of a specific industry or sector. For example, they are contracted by the Department of Post-Secondary Education, Training and Labour to deliver “block release training” for approximately six weeks per year to registered apprentices looking to complete their academic requirements for their certificate of qualification.
NBCC and CCNB diploma programs typically require 80 weeks of instruction; or a minimum of 45 credits; certificates typically require 32 - 40 weeks, or a minimum of 10 or more credits. Students who take part in programs of less than 10 credits or 15 weeks may obtain a certificate of achievement if their work is evaluated. For short programs where there is no evaluation, students can obtain a certificate of participation.
NBCC has campuses in Fredericton, Miramichi, Moncton, Saint John, St. Andrews, and Woodstock, while CCNB has campuses in Bathurst, Campbellton, Dieppe, Edmundston, and la Péninsule acadienne. Each campus tends to specialize in a particular area, and a few programs are only available in one of the two official languages. In addition, the Colleges provide distance learning opportunities to remote communities through multi-media telecommunications technologies and correspondence courses to allow students to study in their homes.
Students entering the community college system may apply for academic credit for previous education and work experience, including, in some instances, vocational skills acquired in high school.
For those who desire a career in the skilled trades, NBCC and CCNB offers “pre-employment programs” that provide students with a general overview of the occupation. This academic year is not compulsory for registration as an apprentice.
Apprenticeship training begins once an individual finds an employer under whom he/she can mentor. Length of training is one to four years, depending on the trade. Most trades require four years of training which is eighty percent hands-on experience on-the-job and twenty percent technical training at college. There are fifty-four apprentice-able trades in New Brunswick resulting in provincial certification. There are an additional eighteen trades where there is no apprenticeship training; rather, only a certificate of qualification is offered upon successful demonstration of the required number of hours in the trade. The required hours of training for each occupation are defined by regulation under the Apprenticeship and Occupational Certification Act.
The New Brunswick College of Craft and Design offers a one-year Certificate - Foundation Visual Arts, a two-year Diploma - Fine Craft and Applied Arts, a four-year Bachelor of Applied Arts offered in partnership with the University of New Brunswick, a one-year Diploma of Advanced Studies - Visual Arts and a Certificate of Achievement acquired through completion of certain credit courses. Studio disciplines include Ceramics, Communication Design, Fashion Design, Jewellery/Metal Arts, Photography and Textiles.
The Maritime College of Forest Technology offers a two-year program (September to April semesters) plus a summer work practicum in Forest Technology. The College has always seen its role as one of preparing students to work in the forest industry, not just with education but also teaching responsibility and leadership. Many graduates are hired by the forest industry starting out in supervisory roles and graduates are sought by employers throughout North America. The Collège de Technologie forestière des Maritimes offers an equivalent Francophone program.